Penrose developed mathematical methods to investigate Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity. Genzel and Ghez discovered the influence of black holes on the orbits of stars.
Black holes are areas of space where gravity is so strong that nothing can escape them, not even light.
Genzel and Ghez, both with their own teams, have been researching the center of our Milky Way since the early 1990s. That area is called Sagittarius A * because it is on the edge of the constellation of Sagittarius (Sagittarius). They discovered, independently of each other, that there must be an invisible and extremely heavy object, which stars around it. It must be a so-called supermassive black hole, but because black holes eat up any light, it is very difficult to detect them. The research showed, among other things, that the black hole is 4.3 million times as massive as our sun. Other explanations could also be excluded.
Penrose, the other winner, according to the Nobel Committee, used “resourceful mathematical methods” to prove that black holes are a direct result of Einstein’s theory of relativity. He did so in 1965, ten years after Einstein’s death. The theory was so groundbreaking that even Einstein himself did not believe that black holes could actually exist.
The prize for the Nobel Prize is 10 million Swedish kronor, which is equivalent to almost one million euros. Penrose gets half of that amount, Genzel and Ghez split the other half. The money comes from the legacy of the Swedish businessman Alfred Nobel, who had grown wealthy with the development of explosives, including the dynamite he invented. One of Nobel’s companies merged with Akzo in the Netherlands in 1994, creating AkzoNobel.
Weekly everything about lifestyle, travel, culinary and living.
Invalid email address. Please fill in again.